Over the years, UNHCR has worked with States to enable millions of refugees to return home, through: In 2018, UNHCR observed a number of self-organized returns, sometimes under pressure, to areas where circumstances were partially improving but where peace and security were not fully established. As in 2017, CAR remained the country of origin of the eighth largest refugee population. Returns continued to account for a small proportion of the displaced population and did not offset new displacements. He earns a living tutoring students in Arabic language over Skype through the NaTakallam programme, which pairs displaced persons with learners from around the world. Nigeria hosted 100 at the beginning of 2018 compared to 32,800 by the end of the year. reaffirmed the mandate to develop a compiler’s manual on refugee and IDP statistics to provide hands-on guidance for the recommendations. Of these, 632,700 were newly displaced/registered outside the country, while the remainder were internally displaced. Other countries that received significant numbers of asylum applications from unaccompanied and separated children included the United Kingdom (2,900), Greece (2,600), Sweden (1,700), Egypt (1,700), Turkey (1,700), Libya (1,500). There were also 6,400 claims from Iranians. The largest asylum-seeker population at the end of 2018 continued to be in the United States of America (719,000). Uganda was host to refugee populations from several countries, the largest being from South Sudan (with 788,800 at the end of 2018). Intermittent border restrictions are causing Venezuelans fleeing to neighbouring countries to rely on dangerous routes, exposing them to risks such as sexual exploitation and kidnapping. UNHCR’s efforts are mandated by the organization’s Statute and guided by the 1951 United Nations Convention relating the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol. The Unified Budget, Results and Accountability Framework (UBRAF) is UNAIDS instrument to operationalize the UNAIDS Strategy and achieve the vision of ending AIDS. Key Evidence. Similarly, asylum claims from Iraqis remained the second most common and declined from 44,500 in 2017 to 20,000 in 2018. As has been the case since 2014, the main country of origin for refugees in 2018 was Syria, with 6.7 million at the end of the year, an increase over the 6.3 million from a year earlier. Every year some refugees agree to return to their country of origin. UNHCR rolled-out the UNHCR infant and young child feeding framework to enhance engagement of other nutrition-sensitive sectors and a general scale up of WASH services. Accommodation types are classified as: planned/managed camp, self-settled camp, collective centre, reception/transit camp and individual accommodation (private), as well as various/unknown. Eritrea continued to be the second most common country of origin with 3,500 claims. At the end of 2018, there were 949,700 Somali refugees. Most were in neighbouring countries, such as Ethiopia and Sudan. For returns to be sustainable, it is critical they are not rushed and that the conditions for sustainable reintegration are met. Ninewa Province, which includes the city of Mosul, maintained the largest IDP population at 576,000, despite 437,000 returns during the year. UNHCR’s results framework and monitoring system have been designed around rights groups, which provide a framework for the organization to continuously improve the delivery of assistance, with the … The substantial increase of over 1.5 million internally displaced people in Ethiopia was mainly the result of inter-communal violence in various pockets of the country over territory, pasture and water rights. UNICEF STRATEGIC PLAN, 2018–202111 The overarching goal of the UNICEF Strategic Plan, 2018–2021 is to drive results for the most disadvantaged children and young people. At the year’s end, DRC was the seventh largest country of origin of refugees, with 720,300 refugees. However, a limited number of countries report on them and the available figures are underestimates Reports show 27,600 such children applied for asylum during 2018. Recognition on a group or prima facie basis was given to 599,300 refugees, and 461,200 were granted some form of temporary protection. During 2018, 2.9 million displaced people returned to their areas or countries of origin, including 2.3 million IDPs and nearly 600,000 refugees. *** Since the re-opening of the border on 15 October 2018… The fourth most common country of origin for asylum applications was Iraq with 72,600 new claims in 2018, 20,000 of them in Turkey. As the Syria crisis entered its eighth year, continued hostilities led to large-scale displacement with people fleeing sporadic artillery shelling and infighting. UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a global organisation dedicated to saving lives and protecting the rights of refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people. Large numbers of people were on the move in 2018. Knowing who and where people are makes it possible to plan and implement effective and efficient policy responses that address the needs of vulnerable groups and help ensure that “no one is left behind”, as laid out in the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Target. The evaluation has corporate significance with UNHCR undertaking organizational change processes … Afghanistan was the next most common country of origin for individual new asylum applications in 2018, with 107,500 claims lodged in 80 countries. Rahima first fled Myanmar in 1978 at the age of 14, then again in 1992. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO. I told myself, either we leave or we die.”. It reinforces commitment … By the end of 2018, more than 3 million Venezuelans had left their homes, travelling mainly towards Latin America and the Caribbean. Year. Legal, economic, social, and cultural aspects of local integration are also part of the process. endorsed the International Recommendations on Refugee Statistics; endorsed the Technical Report on Statistics of IDPs and supported the proposal to upgrade this work to develop formal recommendations; and. At the same time, Cameroon hosted 380,300 refugees, mainly from the Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria. Other countries of origin reported for unaccompanied and separated children included DRC (9,900), Rwanda (7,600) and Syria (7,600). – Angelica, a Venezuelan asylum-seeker in Panama, fled her country when armed groups tried to forcibly recruit her 12 year old son. UNHCR defines a protracted refugee situation as one in which 25,000 or more refugees from the same nationality have been in exile for five consecutive years or more in a given host country. Venezuelans became the third most common nationality of applicants for asylum in the United States of America during 2018 with 27,500 applications, reflecting the continued deterioration of conditions in Venezuela. Its public health programmes are guided by the Global Strategy for Public Health (GSPH) 2014- 2018 … The World Bank, in partnership with the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR, have launched a report which is based on the results of a 2018 Kalobeyei Socioeconomic Profiling Survey. The refugee population under UNHCR’s mandate (the focus of this report) is 20.4 million and has nearly doubled since 2012 when it stood at 10.5 million. The global population of forcibly displaced people grew substantially from 43.3 million in 2009 to 70.8 million in 2018, reaching a record high. Many countries, especially high and middle-income, reported all refugees living in individual accommodation. The safe return of displaced people remained an overarching priority. Sadiq is an Afghan returnee who had been living in Pakistan. This was followed by Germany, which received 16,300 in 2018, down from 21,900 in 2017 and dramatically fewer than the 96,100 received in 2016. At the end of 2018, Pakistan hosted the second largest refugee population with 1.4 million refugees, almost exclusively from Afghanistan. During 2018, the number of refugees who returned to their countries of origin stood at 593,800, a decline from 2017. This large scale displacement is spurred on by armed conflict and food insecurity. The Resilience Approach remains central to the regional and host country-level responses to the Syria crisis. 3.1 … Syria remained the country with the second highest level of internal displacement. 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