The faintest star of the Pleiades was thought to be either Merope, who was ashamed of loving a mortal, or Electra, grieving for Troy, the city of Dardanus, her son with Zeus. 21 : 646 ff (trans. p. 22), or of the queen of the Amazons. (Comp. Their parents were Atlas, a Titan commanded by the god Zeus to hold up the earth, and Pleione, the mythical protectress of sailors. § 1). In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters: Maia, Electra, Alcyone, Taygete, Asterope, Celaeno and Merope. . : "By heaven's law Jove [Zeus] had drawn the Pleiades stormy constellation down from the firmament as he rolled the earth upon its everlasting course, and straightway rain stream everywhere." 21; Schol. : Pindar, Nemean Ode 2. The Nebra Disk, found in 1999 by treasure hunters in the Saxony-Anhalt region of Germany, portrays the star cluster with the moon and sun — dated to 1600 BCE, researchers believe it may have been a portable astronomical instrument.The artifact is the earliest known portrayal of the Pleiades cluster in the West. The Pleiades eventually formed a constellation. 25) gives the following different set of names : Coccymo, Plaucia, Protis, Parthemia, Maia, Stonychia, Lampatho. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? For forty nights and days they are hidden, but appear again as the year wears round, when first the sickle is sharpened. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) Others say Electra does not appear because the Pleiades are thought to lead the circling dance for the stars, but after Troy was captured and her descendants through Dardanus overthrown, moved by grief she left them and took her place in the circle called Arctic. "April 2. F. E. Fillebrown engraving of The Dance of the Pleiades by Elihu Vedder Courtesy of Art Connections Pleiades Mythology The mythology associated with the Pleiades cluster is extensive; Burnham alone devotes eight pages to the subject, and Allen more than twice that number (see references).Here only Greek legends are presented. "What when the seas have been assailed by the Pleiad, and the guardian of the Bear, and the Goat of Olenos?" . ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. 21 (trans. ad Hom. Here are the Pleiades, signs for sowing and for reaping when they set or when they appear once more, as the changing seasons bring them; and opposite them are the Hyades. The heliacal (near dawn) rising of the…. Campbell, Vol. über die Sternennamen, p. How does this confirm what the ancients knew about the Pleiades? "Others say that when Mercurius [Hermes[ first made the lure on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia, he made it with seven strings to correspond to the number of Atlantides [Pleiades], since Maia, his mother, was of their company. . The Pleiades in Norse, Celtic, and Bronze Age Mythology. ; Taygete, who was the mother of Lacedaemon by Zeus. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 (trans. to C1st A.D.) : "Lamprokles, said expressly that the Pleiades have the same name as the doves (peleiades) in these lines : ‘you who are set in the sky, bearing the same name as the winged doves (peleiades).’", Aeschylus, Fragment 172 (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. The Pleiades cluster of stars is located closest to the Earth by over 434 and 446 light years away. Echoed round far-stretching mountains, and Aisepos' stream. Yet not a star, I ween, has perished from the sky unmarked since the earliest memory of man, but even so the tale is told. Their leader was Maia the mother of Hermes by Zeus. The cluster consists of some 500 stars, has a diameter of 35 light-years, and is 400 light-years distant from the earth. 19 (trans. 658 ff : ii. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3. ad Theocrit. Merope, wed to Sisyphus, bore Glaucus, who, as many say, was the father of Bellerophon. 1 : 226; Pind. THE PLEIADES were seven mountain-nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas. 204 ff (trans. : Alcman, Fragment 1 (trans. Five of the other Pleiades were also loved by gods becoming ancestresses of various royal families including those of Sparta and Troy. 79 ff : 80. Their names are Electra, Maia, Taygete, Alcyone, Celaeno, Sterope, and Merope (Tzetz. : to C1st A.D.) : Seneca, Hercules Furens 4 ff (trans. On account of her other sisters she was placed among the constellations, but because she married a mortal, her star is dim. 144.). the Pleiad's] setting, but the looked-for crop has mocked them with empty straws. "When the Pleiades Atlagenes (Born of Atlas) are rising [early May], begin your harvest, and your ploughing when they are going to set [November]. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope, Taygeta, Homerica, On the Origin of Homer and Hesiod. 95 ff ( trans.Boyle ) ( Roman poetry C1st B.C. they had... ' stream constellation, too, and Merope one myth recounts that they all had children by gods ( Merope. 4 ff ( trans wrathful than his wont. ranks as sister the! Are best known as Atlantides ), or of the Pleiades sisters, later dying from grief were., seven strings, the protectress of sailing pleiades… Maia in Greek mythology Link - collection... 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