Pronotum with dense punctation near anterior border; punctures distinct. The movement of plants with soil from an infested area to outside the area should be banned. does not provide resistance to this pest. Some cultivations of small fruits, bordering lawns, have recorded damage on leaves, flowers and fruits (raspberry, blackberry, cranberry). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Costs connected with quarantine concerns are likely to increase greatly with the discovery of the beetle on San Miguel Island, USA. The adult measures 15 mm (0.6 in) in length and 10 mm (0.4 in) in width, has iridescent copper-colored elytra and a green thorax and head. The beetles generally feed from the upper surface of leaves, chewing out the tissue between the veins and leaving a lacelike skeleton. Vittum P (1986) Biology of the Japanese beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in eastern Massachusetts. available in the, Lagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle), Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose), Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper), Polygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria), Prunus japonica (Japanese bush cherry tree), Prunus serrulata (Japanese flowering cherry), Prunus subhirtella (weeping Japanese cherry), Prunus virginiana (common chokecherrytree), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/nematodes, http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/pesticides/eu-pesticides-database/. How P. japonica arrived is unknown, but two airports are close to the site where adults were initially detected (EPPO, 2016). EFSA (2018) Bragard C, Dehnen-Schmutz K, Di Serio F, Gonthier P, Jacques M-A, Jaques Miret JA, Justesen AF, Magnusson CS, Milonas P, Navas-Cortes JA, Parnell S, Potting R, Reignault PL, Thulke H-H, Van der Werf W, Vicent Civera A, Yuen J, Zappala L, Czwienczek E & MacLeod A. Canadian Entomologist 50, 217–221. ... Popillia japonica: Adults: References Top of page. The listing can be sorted by common name (alphabetically ascending or descending order) and can be searched by name. https://gd.eppo.int/reporting/article-6128 [accessed on 9 September 2020]. Ciampitti M, Bergaglio S, Cavagna B, Mori N & Pasqualini E (2018) Verifica dell’efficacia di insetticidi per il controllo degli adulti di Popillia japonica: procedura e primi risultati. In the EPPO region, the adults of P. japonica feed on vines, fruit trees, forest plants, crops, vegetables, ornamental plants and wild species. The EPPO Standard PM 9/21(1) (EPPO, 2016) describes containment measures to avoid the spread of P. japonica outside infested areas. and Zea mays are the main hosts of concern in Europe (EFSA, 2019). Due to the variable regulations around (de-)registration of pesticides, we are for the moment not including any L’Informatore Agrario 32, 53–55 (in Italian). EPPO-Q-bank (2020) EPPO-Q-bank Arthropod database. United States Department of Agriculture (US). Severely damaged leaves soon turn brown and drop. Soybeans (Glycine max L.) grown under elevated levels of CO2 have larger herbivore populations than soybeans grown under ambient levels of CO2. The eggs enlarge to nearly double their initial size and become more spherical as the embryo develops within the chorion (EPPO, 2006). The risk that adults of P. japonica may be spread by aircraft departing from airports located in infested areas should be assessed very carefully. Vigorous, well-watered turf can withstand two to three times the normal threshold of grubs (ca. In the EPPO region, the EPPO PM 9/21(1) (EPPO, 2016) describes procedures for official control with the aim of detecting, containing and eradicating P. japonica. There are three larval instars; the first instar develops in 2-3 weeks; the second in 3-4 weeks (Potter & Held, 2002). United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service APHIS), 16 pp. In the Barcode of Life Data System (BOLDSYSTEMS), sequences of P. japonica haplotypes are available. In EPPO-Q-bank, sequences from 10 curated specimens are available (EPPO-Q-bank, 2020). Popillia japonica is a highly polyphagous species and the adults can be found feeding on a wide range of trees, shrubs, wild plants and crops (EPPO, 2016). Larvae may be transported in soil around the roots of plants for planting. Regione Lombardia (2020a) Popillia japonica. P. japonica is a distinguishable species listed in Annex IAII of Council Directive 2000/29/EC. Hand removal may provide some control for small plantings. References * INTERNET This datasheet was first published in the EPPO Bulletin in 1980, and revised in the two editions of 'Quarantine Pests for Europe' in 1992 and 1997, as well as in 2020. Klausnitzer B (1978) Ordnung Coleoptera (Larven). Adults live for 30-45 days and can mate more than once (Potter & Held, 2002; EFSA, 2019). Defoliation has been recorded on asparagus, most grape varieties and many fruit-bearing trees (e.g., apple, cherry, plum, peach). The use of mass capture traps could be effective, but should be included in an area-based strategy, under the supervision of the phytosanitary services. See also: Our Invasive Species List section which Journal of Applied Entomology 142(3), 311–318. Techniques for using these nematodes can be found at http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/nematodes, or in the training video “Entomopathogenic Nematodes: Tools for pest management” (Gaugler and Klein, 1998). However, no key to species is available and because the genus consists of more than 300 species, many from Africa and Asia, there is a chance of misidentifying some specimens (EPPO, 2016). Atti Giornate Fitopatologiche 2020 (in Italian, in press). Body oval-shaped. Since the first detection in the United States in a nursery near Riverton, New Jersey, in 1916, it has spread to many states east of the Mississippi River (except Florida), as well as parts of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, Kansas, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. UMass Extension Turf Program. P. japonica feeds on over 700 plant species. Article 2019/157 Update on the situation of Popillia japonica in Switzerland. Beetles can aggregate and feed in large numbers on the fruit of early-ripening varieties of apple, peach, nectarine, plum, raspberries, and quince. Misure d’emergenza per impedire la diffusione di Popillia japonica Newman nel territorio della Repubblica italiana. Journal of Economic Entomology 24, 453–462. The EPPO diagnostic Standard PM 7/74 (1) provides a key to the European families within the superfamily Scarabaeoidea and a detailed morphological description of each life stage of P. japonica and very useful illustrations (EPPO, 2006). ----- Survey reports are presented for a variety of pests, including P. japonica. 40-60 eggs per female (Campbell et al., 1989), are usually laid in moist grassland in the summer singly or in small clusters. 08. P. japonica originates from North-Eastern Asia where it is native to Japan and the far east of Russia (Fleming, 1972). Vittum P (2013) Current Insecticide Approaches for White Grub Control. 10. These parasitoids provide some suppression, particularly I. aldrichi, in areas with restricted turf, but do not usually provide adequate beetle control. The seriousness of the pest and the associated economic losses have led to intensive studies in order to identify the most effective strategies for the control of P. japonica. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 46, 543–555. In July 2014, P. japonica was found in Italy (EPPO RS, 2014; Pavesi, 2014); this is the first time that this pest is recorded on the European mainland. The first detection of P. japonica in the U.S. was in a nursery, with the suspected arrival pathway of imported iris … In general, adults emerge in the summer (June-July) and fly or climb to feed on foliage at the top of low growing hosts before later moving to feed on trees. CABI (2019) Popillia japonica (Japanese beetle) https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/43599 [accessed on 14 September 2020]. The Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) is a species of scarab beetle. Female beetles seek out sites that are most optimal for egg laying and survival (Allsopp et al., 1992). However, Japanese beetle traps are an important tool in the identification and delimitation of new P. japonica infestations. EPPO RS (2019b) EPPO Reporting Service No. Similar behaviour is reported both in the USA (e.g., Massachusetts, New England) and Canada, where in cooler years the life cycle can take 1 or 2 years (Vittum, 1986; Campbell et al., 1989; Potter & Held, 2002). Crops significantly damaged include maize, soybean and pasture. Ministero delle Politiche Agricole e Forestali. In its native area (Japan), the host range appears to be smaller than in North America. Smith IM, McNamara DG, Scott PR & Holderness M (1997) Popillia japonica. According to Chen et al. Use of resistant, or less susceptible species and cultivars when planning a landscape, or replacing damaged plant material, is a key to managing adults. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 96, 129–139. Biological Control 5, 167–172. area (CABI 2019). This is a title only record which contains no abstract. Use of Pathogens in Scarab Pest Management. Jackson TA (1992) Scarabs–pests of the past or the future? The greatest flight activity is reported to be on clear days and when the temperature is between 29°C and 35°C (Kreuger & Potter, 2002), relative humidity >60% and wind is <20 km h-1 (CABI, 2019). 574. On maize, the adults feed on the maturing silk, preventing pollination, and therefore resulting in kernel malformation and yield reduction (Smith et al., 1997; CABI, 2019). Ciampitti M, Bertoglio M, Cavagna B, Suss L & Bianchi A (2016) Prime esperienze di semi-campo per il controllo delle larve di Popillia japonica. Within some generally susceptible genera such as Betula, Malus and Tilia, less susceptible cultivars have been found (Ranney and Walgenbach, 1992; Spicer et al. Other western states utilize traps to a lesser extent. This feeding renders fruit unmarketable. https://www.inspection.gc.ca/plant-health/plant-pests-invasive-species/insects/japanese-beetle/eng/1328048149161/1328048244390 [accessed on 21 September 2020]. CABI is an international not-for-profit organisation that works to improve people’s lives worldwide by solving problems in agriculture and the environment. 1449, iv + 129 pp. Like most websites we use cookies. The infested area in Italy increases by about 10 km every year (Regione Lombardia, 2020a). In infested turf symptoms include thinning, yellowing, and wilting, culminating in large patches of dead, brown grass that appears in late summer or early autumn because of water stress, and less often in the following spring when more moisture is normally available (CABI, 2019). Adult Japanese beetles feed on … Annual Review of Entomology 47, 175–205. Soil with high levels of organic matter tends to have lower larval densities (Dalthorp et al., 2000; Porter & Held, 2002). Metcalf RL & Metcalf RA (1993) Destructive and useful insects: their habits and control. In 2017, a new species of mermithid nematode, Hexamermis popilliae, has been described in Italy and it will be evaluated as a potential biological control agent in Integrated pest management (IPM) programs (Mazza et al., 2017). The Coleopterists' Bulletin , 81- 95. During the prepupa instar, the mature larva stops eating. Levels of atmospheric CO2 have been increasing steadily over the last century and are projected to increase even more dramatically in the future. Num. Beetles on plants are sluggish in the morning, before 9 am, or when the temperature is <21oC, and can be killed by picking them, or shaking them, into a bucket of soapy water (Ladd and Klein, 1982). In Italy, traps with lasting insecticide-treated nets have been successfully used to implement an attract and kill strategy; this type of trap should be also used exclusively in an area-based strategy (Marianelli et al., 2018). The male tibial spur is more sharply pointed, and the tarsi are shorter and stouter than those of the female (EPPO, 2006). It is less of a pest in Japan, its native area. Pavesi M (2014) Popillia japonica specie aliena invasiva segnalata in Lombardia. A third established parasitoid, Tiphia popilliavora, the fall tiphia, has not been recovered since 1969, although isolated populations may still be present. European Commission (2016) Final report of an audit carried out in Italy from 12 September 2016 to 23 September 2016 in order to evaluate the situation and control of Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) European Commission DG (SANTE) 2016-8795 - MR. EUROPHYT Outbreaks (2020) European Commission Notification of the presence of a harmful organism to the Commission and to other member states. CAB International Wallingford Oxfordshire OX10 8DE UK compend@cabi.org. Maize is one field crop seriously damaged in North America. However, the Chinese Administration of Animal and Plant Quarantine reports that this is a mistaken identification; the pest concerned is Popillia quadriguttata. Intercept Ltd., Andover, Hampshire, UK, pp.1–10. DEFRA Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (2015) Rapid Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) for Popillia japonica. Severely damaged leaves soon turn brown and fall or remain attached (EPPO, 2016). However, in California, Nevada and Oregon, it has been possible to eradicate outbreaks (Porter & Held, 2002). A more serious pest in parts of North America of tall fescue, Festuca arundinacae or perennial,... Which contains No abstract further information can be protected with fine netting or Reemay fabric around each blossom the. Other introduced Scarabaeidae from native species white cream to tan ; sometimes they metallic. Of various means for control s ) NAPIS ; Miscellaneous ;... CABI is a mistaken identification the. 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